4-FORMATION OF AN IMPERIALIST POLITICAL PERSONNEL
With the development, also in our region, beginning in the middle of the 50s,( after 57’ with the massive penetration of US multinational capital and the simultaneous development of our national capital on an international scale), of a multinational economic structure, a class fraction of the imperialist bourgeois comes into formation within the bourgeois.
We define the “domestic” imperialist bourgeoisie as that fraction of the bourgeois class, integrated within the world imperialist system, an expression of monopolist multinational capital, and a leading element in the process of imperialist restructuring in our economic zone, and in the associated political and institutional superstructures.
In this period, the super-national institutional instruments, (IMF, EEC, NATO), are the means by which the imperialist bourgeoisie seeks to impose its global strategy, acquiring a degree of force and level of power, able to subordinate and functionalize to itself the “national states”, which in the process are compelled to redefine their internal structure.
These States are restructured in order to play two fundamental roles:
-As transmission belts of the global economic-strategic interests of the dominant imperialism;
– “Regional normalization” which is to say the organization of preventative counter-revolution with the goal of annihilating every “aspiring” revolutionary.
Naturally, these functions become critical in the economically weakest and politically most unstable links and therefore are advanced by the “domestic” imperialist bourgeois, utilizing the practices and with the most advanced repressive models which already are operational in the stronger links and under the supervision of the super-national centers of command.
“The nation State becomes a transmission belt of international capital organized against the people. The bourgeois-constitutional State in its contradictory process of evolution between the socialization of production and the international concentration of capital, is unavoidably dissolved and becomes the strong State or the armed democracy.” (Croissant)
Like every historical process, this is embodied in individuals.
The emergence of the “domestic” imperialist bourgeois as a dominant fraction of the bourgeois, thus has another effect: The affirmation within the vital articulations of power of a economic-political-military personnel which is the most direct affirmation of its interests.
This new, efficient, interchangeable, “European” bureaucracy, is no longer the most select and qualified from the old party schools, but comes directly from the training centers, the Foundations, the factories of brainpower developed for the use of the major multinationals.
A necessary condition of this function is a hegemonic presence within the apparatuses of domination which comprise the state, which, in any case articulate its action, namely the fundamental centers of power: Government, Bank of Italy, Confindustria, mass media…its specific task, however is to determine and render operational the most balanced mediation, ie the one that is least contradictory between the dominant capitalist interests and those particular to the area.
It is clear that the affirmation of the imperialist bourgeois and its personnel is not a linear process. Actually this new bureaucracy is currently in a struggle to occupy the key elements of the state, and when this is the case, undermining the strategic positions of people who express conflicting interests, which is to say the interests of other fractions of the bourgeoisie.
In our region, we see, for example, in the past few years, the formation of a political personnel closely connected to imperialist circles, which although concentrated within a party (the DC), has a hegemonic presence in all the other parties of the so called “constitutional spectrum” (certainly from the PSI and the MSI) and tends to assert itself in all the fundamental centers of power.
We can also see that the victory of this personnel and consequently of the fraction of the bourgeois it expresses, is by no means a process without contradictions, but a cutthroat struggle between bourgeois sharks.
The affirmation of the total interests of imperialism, is passing through a transitional phase, in which the various bourgeois forces contend and coexist, forming an internal element of the crisis of the state.
And yet, this crisis, which agitates the State, does not drive completely towards collapse, but instead to restructuring: This tendency of crisis-restructuring, shows that the principle contradiction of the revolutionary movement, is that which immediately opposes it to the system of imperialist power on a world scale.
To address this contradiction, means therefore to move on the terrain of protracted class war.
The central and strategic force of the imperialist management of the State, in Italy is Christian Democracy. This is the key to understanding the sharp conflicts going on within it and the process of so called “renewal”. The crisis of identity being experienced by the DC, especially that since June 75’, is determined by two simultaneous processes: the crisis-restructuring of the global strategy of the imperialist States on the one hand, and on the other hand, the demand for power of the Italian proletariat, in the various modes of expression of its political components, whether revisionist or revolutionary.
Within the framework of the strategic unity of the imperialist states, the major powers at the head of the chain of command, call for the DC to function as the national political pole of the counter-revolution, but its current structure, appears to a large extent to be unsuitable for this purpose.
Therefore it must regenerate, which is to say redefine itself clearly as the efficient national subsidiary of the largest multinational of crime which humanity has ever known. Only a DC redefined in the above mentioned direction can carry out the reconversion of the nation-State into an efficient link of the imperialist chain, which is to say, carry out the ferocious political and economic impositions and the profound institutional transformation in accordance with blatant repression, demanded by its partners in the chain.
The plumb line of this entire complex operation, is therefore the foreign policies of the US and the FRG, and the fundamental central motors of imperialism (IMF, EEC, NATO…), in the sense that the “domestic” policies which the DC must promote, can only be a direct function of the “foreign” policies of these countries and these centers.
Moreover, we must not forget that even Capital is conscious of the no longer cyclical character of its own contradictions; its objective within this phase of its development is survival. The theory of “zero growth” has been discovered by bourgeois science for some time now. The irresolvability of the contradictions in the economic sphere, leads to a search for “independence” on the part of the political-social framework, including the reinforcement of the apparatus of domination which is constituted as counter revolutionary “preventative war”. Which is to say: the state becomes the “subject of the political”, as asserted by the comrades of the RAF. But, one can’t see in this, an attempt to eliminate social contradictions under the schema repression-transition to a new phase of development, rather their containment through the annihilation of every project for the recomposition of the class under an antagonistic program.
In these aspirations, the law of uneven development is supposed to reduce the impact of the intensity of social conflict in certain areas of the imperialist chain (like Italy), through the reduction of their economic significance.
Within this perspective, the use of the deflationary mechanism, while it does not lead to signs of recovery, should serve to limit the attack on the on the socio-economic conditions of a small strata of the population, the least privileged.
In this framework, even the armed struggle is supposed to come to appear ghettoized, confined, as an endemic phenomena, as a spontaneous expression of alienation, that is to say, an invisible struggle, outside of the civil national apparatus (productive, administrative, party-constitutional), that of the imperialist preventative war.
As Schmidt says: “Between anarchy and reaction, there is a large space for something thoughtful” speaking on the subject of Italy, Germany, and Japan as “In the 30’s and 40’s nowhere else in the free world was the damage to morality and authority as extensive as in these three countries..we need a long time for these values to regain credibility.”