RESOLUTION OF THE STRATEGIC DIRECTORATE OF THE RED BRIGADES: FEBRUARY 1978: PARTS 15 & 16

00003

15-PHASE AND CONJUNCTURE

Recognition of the objective existence of class contradictions, and more specifically identifying, which for us, in this phase, are primary and which are objectively secondary, is a necessary presupposition of revolutionary action. There is no revolutionary struggle, if it does not face and fight the main enemy. We have always argued that the primary class contradiction is that which opposes the metropolitan proletariat to the imperialist bourgeoisie, and that, therefore, the latter is in relation to it and its politico-military vanguard the main enemy to destroy. We have also seen, that the imperialist State is a synthesis of the multiple forms assumed by the historical initiative of the imperialist bourgeois, the exclusive concentration of its needs, and the essential instrument of its domination in all areas.

This is to say, that in this phase, the imperialist bourgeois is the main enemy, if this allows us to establish the strategic line of our movement, it remains insufficient for the determination of correct tactics. Tactics and strategy are necessary and complementary aspects of our action. The real movement of the class war, brings out in every determinate moment the principle aspect of the imperialist counter-revolution and this is what we term the conjuncture. The conjuncture is not determined subjectively and unequivocally by the armed vanguard, and believing this leads to abstraction in the formation of the line of combat. Like the phase, the conjuncture is an objective product of the class confrontation which the revolutionary forces contribute to the determination of, and are in turn determined by. Without a correct evaluation of the conjuncture, it is impossible to determine correct tactics, and without adequate tactics, no real advancement is possible. What are the elements necessary to evaluate in order to understand the conjuncture and therefore to elaborate adequate tactics [?]. There are three:

1. a) the dominant terrain of motion of the counter-revolutionary initiative of the imperialist bourgeois.

2. b) the particular and specific conditions which characterize the movement of offensive resistance and more broadly the most combative strata of the proletariat.

3. c) the real state of the party or at least the armed vanguard.

16-THE CURRENT CONJUNCTURE, TRANSITION FROM ARMED PEACE TO WAR

The current conjuncture is characterized by the transition from the phase of “armed peace” to that of civil war, this transition manifests as an extremely contradictory process, which is simultaneously identified with the restructuration of the State into the imperialist State of the multinationals. It is therefore an extremely important conjuncture whose duration and specificity depend upon the relation which is established between revolution and counter-revolution: therefore it is not a peaceful process, but in its development, progressively assumes the form of war.

The main tactic of the guerrilla in this conjuncture is the disarticulation of the enemy forces. Disarticulation of the forces of the enemy means carrying out an attack whose primary objective is still propagandizing the armed struggle and its necessity, but is already beginning to operate in accordance with the main tactic of the following phase, that of the destruction of the forces of the enemy: this attack must propagandize the political line of the politico-military vanguard and at the same time disarticulate the new forms being assumed by the imperialist State, that is it must strive to obstruct and create dysfunction within the apparatus of war which the counter-revolution is preparing. The immediate objectives of these attacks are:

1 a.) to constantly bring to the surface the fact that the Executive (the government) is simultaneously an instrument of internal repression and a national determination of the interests of the dominant imperialism led by the USA and the FRG. This objective can be accomplished by developing initiatives on three fronts:

1-against the DC which from the Second World War on has represented the tactical and strategic interests of the dominant imperialism and of the multinationals in our country.

2-against the imperialist political personal who guide the central structures of the State, structures which starting from the ministries traverse a clearly differentiated body of economic, judicial, penal and military institutions throughout the country;

3-against the imperialist political personal who guide the “vital centers” of power directly or indirectly linked to the Executive but formally independent ( from Confindustria to the factory hierarchy, the Foundations, the mass media);

4-against the imperialist political personal who guide the local subsidiaries of the super-national organisms (the Trilateral C[Commission], the EEC, NATO) and who therefore function as material conduits in the chain of transmission of power.

1 b.) to accumulate in this attack a vast and articulated revolutionary potential consolidated in a permanent mobilization against the imperialist State and the Executive, which is its brain and motor.

How the confrontation plays out in this phase, determines to a great extent the timeline of the war and even its final outcome. The disarticulation of the forces of the enemy is the final period of the phase of armed bands and moves progressively into that of civil war.

The political and military disarticulation of the enemy forces, must proceed simultaneously on the side of the revolutionary forces with the process currently corresponding to the construction of the Combatant Communist Party within the movement of proletarian resistance, in order to develop the protracted class war for the conquest of power.